01
MAY
2014

Chinese Pastor Who Helped Suffering Immigrants in a Hostile Land: C. P. Leung

Chuk Ping Leung (1884-1965): “Helping Suffering Chinese Immigrants in a Hostile Land”

“During this period 1923-1947 the Chinese were subjected to open discrimination and mistreatments. Rev. Leung’s mission was to help those suffering Chinese immigrants in a hostile land.”

~ Sophia Leung

“My sons and daughter-in-laws have been encouraging me to write a memoir so that my descendents can read it and not be ridiculed for not knowing their heritage and where their ancestor came from” and here is how the story began …

Rev. Chuk Ping Leung was born on April 18, 1884 in Kaiping, Guangdong. He began the study of Confucian Classics at age 7 or 8 and soon came up with questions like “why people’s original nature is good” and “where heaven and earth came from in the primordial times, which his teacher did not provide satisfactory answer. Leung was a keen inquirer and hated to be spoon-fed.

“I thought since I was never explained the meanings of the things I studied, why bother spending years just to recite and memorizing them. Even if I commit it all to my memory, it is difficult to digest the material completely.”

Because of his love of reading, Leung came into contact with Christian literature published by the Shanghai Christian Literature Society which helped him to understand life better. He was introduced to the Christian faith through a friend who went to work in Victoria and being converted to Christianity. His friend was criticized by people in the village for their zealousness to the Gospel but Leung said, “in my young heart I could not find anything to criticize about the Christian doctrine and Christian followers.”

When Leung was sixteen, he worked in Dr. and Mrs. Hui-Chao Leung’s pharmacy in Enping and learned how to fill prescriptions. Soon after the Boxer Rebellion erupted, the pharmacy was robbed by bandits with nothing left behind. It happened that an American Congregational pastor and a Canadian Presbyterian Church pastor were visiting that city. Leung found out that there’s an urgent need for Gospel workers and decided to enroll in the School of Theology at Huadi Puiying School with his cousin.

The Canadian Presbyterian Mission set up a station in North Jiangmen Street a church, a dormitory for the Christian workers and a medical clinic. Leung accompanied doctors to provide medical services and preach the Gospel once as week. He would also travel to preach at different Presbyterian churches throughout China. In addition to his church ministry, he opened a boy’s school and a Philosophy Institute to discuss philosophical issues with young scholars.

After Leung graduated from the School of Theology in 1907, he married Kam Fung in the same year through a family arranged marriage. Together they bore three sons, So Man, So Won and So Wah. All three names of his sons carried heavy Christian spiritual meaning: the awakening of the people, awakening of the soul, and awakening of China. Rev. Leung was a “learned, disciplined man who exerted a strong influence on his children instilling the values and traditions of Chinese culture early in their life.” (Celebration of a Splendid Life, p.3) Mrs. Leung was a hardworking and devoted wife and a kind and loving mother. Not only did she raise three outstanding children, she also provided home care to two other homeless youngsters despite their limited resources. (Celebration of a Splendid Life, p.6)

After 15 years of serving churches in China, a rare opportunity came up for Rev. Leung to come to Canada. The missionary from Moose Jaw returned to China and needed someone to replace his position and his name was recommended to take up the mission. He first took his younger son So Won and boarded the “Queen Asia” for Canada in 1922. Upon arrival in Vancouver, he was sent to Victoria to learn English. During his short stay in Victoria, he started the New China Monthly Magazine and helped to establish the New China Press. Then, he was sent onto to Moose Jaw for his ministry. At that time, there were about ten or more local born Chinese children in Moose Jaw and the church opened a Chinese school for them. During his service at Moose Jaw, Leung also traveled to Regina every other week to preach. With his love of reading and literature, he started the publication of Regina and Moose Jaw Monthly.

Leung was transferred to Edmonton, AB, in 1927 while wife and the other two sons arrived in Canada to join him in the same year. In 1930, he was transferred to New Westminster, BC, then to Vancouver in 1932 to open and teach in a Chinese School. In 1938, upon the recommendation of General Director Dr. Ho, Leung was transferred to Montreal to help improve the “estranged relationship” between the Montreal Chinese Church and the Canadian Presbyterian Mission who refused to join the unification. In 1941, Leung was transferred back to Edmonton. After going back to Edmonton, he opened a United Church school and began fund raising for the Edmonton Church for a new building. Because of Rev. Leung’s warm connection with friends all over Canada, the fundraising was very successful. It was a beautifully testimony of how Chinese brothers and sisters united together to support the kingdom work together.

Rev. Leung retired in 1954 and went to be with the Lord in 1965. A loving husband and father, a tireless servant of God, a caring shepherd for God’s people, a peacemaker of the Church, Rev. Leung’s life exemplify the life of Jesus whenever he went and his legacy was carried on by “sons and daughters” around the world.

Reference Sources:

Rev. C. P. Leung’s unpublished Memoir written in 1965 (translated by Irene Liu).

Oral history with Mrs. Sophia Leung (daughter in-law, wife of Rev. Leung’s youngest son, Dr. Wah Leung)

S. Wah Leung: Celebration of a Splendid Life. Vancouver, BC: Dr. S. Wah Leung Endowment Fund, the University of British Columbia Faculty of Dentistry, 1992.


梁祝平 (1884-1965): 幫助被敵視華裔移民的牧者 [中譯文]

「一九二三至一九四七年間華人受到公開歧視和不公平待遇。梁牧師的使命是去幫助那些在不同地方被敵視的華裔移民。」

(梁陳明任述)

「我的兒媳們不斷地鼓勵我寫回憶錄,好叫我的子孫讀後得知他們先祖的歷史,不致因對自己的家族和國家文化傳統毫不認識而被人取笑。」故事就如此展開了……

梁祝平牧師生於一八八四年四月十八日(清光緒十年)廣東開平市。約七歲時開始跟老師唸讀儒家的四書五經。成長歷程中發出許多人生哲理問題如「為何人性本善」,「天地從何來」等等,但他的老師都不能給他滿意的答案。梁是個熱切的學問尋求者,但不接受填鴨式的教育制度。「既然我所學的不能有得到清楚明確的解釋,那我就不必長年累月地誦讀和強記這些經書。縱使我全部牢記了,仍然無法消化吸收。」

他對閱讀的喜愛使他接觸到上海基督教文藝出版社出版的基督教書籍,讓他對人生有較深的理解。他有一位在卑詩省域多利市工作時信了耶穌的基督徒朋友,他帶領梁認識基督教信仰。張因熱心傳福音,常受到村民譏笑排擠。梁說:「我實在不能對基督教或基督徒作出任何批評。」

十六歲時,梁在恩平梁醫生和太太的藥房工作,學會按醫生開的藥方配藥。義和團動亂時,藥房被暴徒土匪搶掠一空。梁隨梁醫生到廣州市,跟著去新寧市(譯名)嘗試新的經營,然後在滴海墟(譯名)張的藥房工作。當時有一位美國公理會牧師和一位加拿大長老會牧師到訪,告訴他們緊急需要傳福音的工人。梁就與他的表親一同報讀花地培英學校的神學學院課程。

加拿大長老會差會在北江門設立一個宣教站為教會,有為信主的員工而設的宿舍以及一間診所。梁每週一次陪同醫生向居民提供醫療服務及傳福音。因加拿大長老會差會同時負責協助美國長老會在中國的教會,梁就往來於不同的教會中講道。除了教會事工,他還開辦一間男校和一所哲學學院 ,鼓勵青年學者討論哲學議題。

梁牧師一九零七年神學畢業後結婚。他們共有三個兒子:甦民、甦魂和甦華。每個名字都有基督教屬靈的含意,分別是:甦醒國民;甦醒靈魂以及甦醒中華。梁牧師是個「飽學之士,生活律己甚嚴;從小灌輸三個兒子中國傳統文化價值,對他們影響深遠。」(Celebration of a Splendid Life, 第三頁) 梁師母是位辛勤和忠誠的妻子,一個和藹慈祥、滿有愛心的母親。她不但在有限資源的環境下教養出三位傑出的兒子,還照顧兩名無家可歸的少年人。(Celebration of a Splendid Life, 第六頁)

在中國服事十五年後,梁牧師有一個難得的機會前往加拿大。恰巧在沙省舞市阻事奉的宣教士要回中國,正在找人接手教會的事工,梁牧師就被推薦為合適的人選。由他的二子甦魂陪同,二人登上亞洲皇后號於一九二二年抵達加拿大。梁牧師一抵步便被差往域多利市去學英語。在居留該市的短短期間,他開辦了《新中華月刋》,同時協助成立新華出版社。接著他被差派到舞市阻市,在循道會/協和教會華人教會事奉。開始時市內約有十多名在當地出生的華裔兒童,他就為他們開辦一所華文學校,梁牧師每隔一周前往沙省Regina市講道。出於對閱讀和文學的喜愛,他開始出版Regina和舞市阻月報。

一九二七年,梁牧師被調往亞省愛民頓市,他的妻子和其他兩名兒子前來與他團聚。一九三零年,他被調往卑詩省新西敏市,然後一九三二年到溫哥華去開辦一間華文學校,並任教師。一九三八年梁牧師在總監何博士推薦下被調往魁北克省滿地可市去調和及改善滿地可華人教會與加拿大長老會差會之間的疏離關係,因後者拒絕加入兩會的合併。

一九四一年,儘管他的滿地可教會會眾向協和教會總會遞上請願信要求他留任,梁牧師仍被調回愛民頓基址。回到愛民頓後,他開辦一間協和教會學校,並著手籌募捐款建新禮拜堂因梁牧師與散布在加拿大各地的友人有良好關係,籌款非常成功。新禮拜堂是顯明加國華裔信徒如何齊心協力支持天國的事工的一個美麗的見證。

梁牧師於一九五四年退休,一九六五年安息主懷。他是個充滿愛的丈夫和父親,永不言倦的神的僕人,愛護照顧神子民的牧者,又是修補教會關係使人和睦的人。這一切都為人所記念。無論到那裡,梁牧師一生都流露著耶穌的典範,而這一份屬靈的遺產由他遍滿全球的「子女們」承傳下去。

註: 本文內容取材自梁祝平牧師於一九六五年撰寫的未經出版的回憶錄(IreneLiu翻譯)及其媳婦梁陳明任(梁牧師幼子梁甦華博士之妻)的口述歷史。


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